Challenge in Africa
- 600 million people in sub-Saharan Africa don’t have access to electricity, majority in rural areas.
- 700 million people are projected to remain without access to electricity by 2050 due to rapid population growth.
- An open fire is highly energy inefficient and requires a lot of wood. Family of 5 consumes 4000 kg of wood a year producing 6400 kg of CO2.
- An open fire produces massive household air pollution with many dangerous pollutants that penetrate deep into the lungs. Indoor pollution causes 4 million premature deaths a year and diseases incl. pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Women in developing countries spend on average 1,4 hours a day collecting firewood and 4 hours cooking. Women are thus heavily affected by indoor pollutions.
- Millions of children do not attend or complete primary education – majority are girls who stay at home to do household labour.
- Families in suburban areas spends a big part of their annual income on buying charcoal and lamp oil
- Unsustainable harvesting of firewood drives deforestation and forest degradation. High rates of deforestation causes: land erosion, desertification, droughts, famine, destruction of animal habitat and flooding. Deforestation also forces people to leave their homes in search of better opportunities – in Europe and neighbouring countries.
Daily need for firewood per person
Wood used for cooking
Firewood used in year for cooking
Firewood used in year for cooking by one family
Enegy density of firewood
Annually energy used for cooking per person
Annually energy used for cooking by family